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Iran’s judicial system remains among the most brutal in the world. The Iranian regime executes more people per capita than any other country. It carries out more total executions than any nation but China, whose population is over 17 times that of Iran’s. Tehran continues to target political dissidents and ethnic, religious, and sexual minorities for execution. Capital punishment can be—and often is—carried out against juvenile offenders. The cruelty and inhumanity of Iran’s judicial system goes well beyond executions, however.
Individuals may be arrested and indefinitely detained without charge or on trumped-up offenses; subject to degrading treatment, including
torture, in order to extract confessions; denied rights such as access to legal counsel and fair and speedy trial; and sentenced to other barbaric penalties such as amputation, blinding, and flogging. Those accused and/or convicted of perpetrating crimes are incarcerated in overcrowded prisons where they may be subject to torture, rape, and other atrocities. Iran’s densely populated and dirty penitentiaries are also breeding grounds for COVID-19 and other illnesses, and prisoners are often denied necessary medical care (including COVID-19 tests), personal protective equipment, and disinfectant.
Iran executes the majority of convicts by hanging within prisons. The regime, however, also regularly carries out executions in public, including at least 13 in 2019. In many of these cases, the victim is publicly hanged from a construction crane, an especially slow and painful execution method.
Stoning also continues to be a state-sanctioned form of execution. Other legal methods of execution include firing squad, beheading, and being thrown from a height.
Ali Younesi, currently in danger of execution is a genius. While at high school, Ali won silver and gold at the National Astronomy Olympiad in 2016 and 2017 respectively. In his senior year of high school, he won the gold medal with the Iranian national team at the 2018 World Astronomy Olympiad in China. At the time of his arrest, he was studying computer science at Sharif University of Technology.
He was arrested by the authorities on 10 April 2020 and was held in solitary confinement for two months before being transferred to the Ministry of Intelligence’s (MOIS) Ward 209 in Evin Prison which is one of the most notorious prisons in Iran.
Demonstrations, gatherings, publicity, disseminating information, supporting satellite broadcast, providing witness testimonies, countless meetings with prominent dignitaries as well as setting up exhibitions and many more activities has led to condemnations against the regime’s disgraceful behaviour in Iran.
First-hand information obtained through sources inside Iran has enabled us to reveal behind the scenes news about the atrocities in prisons.
Through campaigns, the British Committee for Iran Freedom (BCFIF) has stepped up its efforts to hold the regime accountable. It recently asserted that “any relations or push for negotiations with Iran must be contingent upon verifiable improvements of the human rights situation in the country,” the BCFIF also underlined that, “Failure by the UN and its member states to do so and ratify current situation risks to subvert the rules-based international system and undermine international human rights laws and UN conventions.”