Another Juvenile Offender in Sanandaj Prison Sentenced to Death

Another Juvenile Offender in Sanandaj Prison Sentenced to Death

Published by on April 4, 2016

Fatema-SalbehiWith issuing of another death sentence for a juvenile offender in Sanandaj Prison, the number of prisoners who are sentenced to death for an offence they have committed while being a juvenile, has rose to 5.

According to the report of Human Rights Activists News Agency, a juvenile offender (K.N) imprisoned at Sanandaj Prison, who at the time of crime was 17 years and 9 months old, was sentenced to death by retaliation in kind (Qisas) for murder.

One of K.N’s relatives has told HRANA’s reporter: “A public lawyer was assigned for him, and was not even sent to forensics to be tested for cognitive and psychosocial developments. In October 2015, after the first trial presided by judge Hamed Soltan-Bakhsh at branch number 1 of the criminal court of Sanandaj, he has been sentenced to Qisas, however this sentence was disclosed to him with a delay just recently.”

There are currently four more juvenile offenders imprisoned in Sanandaj Prison, who have been arrested and sentenced to death. All of these four juvenile prisoners have been charged with murder. Below is the previously gathered reports of HRANA on the identity and age at the time of murder or arrest of these prisoners:

Yousef Mohammadi, born in 1995, age at the time of arrest: 14, sentenced to death

Himan Orami-Nejhad, born in 1997, age at the time of arrest: 17 years and 9 months, year in which the crime was committed: 2011, sentenced to death

Siavash Mahmoudi, born in 1995, age at the time of arrest: 17, sentence to death, Note: he has claimed that the murder was the result of a self-defense against sexual assault.

Amanj Hosseini (Oveisi), age at the time of arrest: 17, sentenced to death

It should be noted, offenders under 18 are considered as juveniles according to human right treaties, and the legal punishment of a juvenile in Iran including death penalty for crimes such as brawl, murder, drug trafficking etc., has always been a major challenge and violation of human rights In Iran.

Iran’s action is in contrast with its obligation to the international covenant on civil and political rights and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.

In 2013, after the reforms to the Islamic penal code, the death penalty for juvenile offenders is subjected to the offender’s ability to understand and realize the nature of the committed crime. However recently i who had been sentenced to death for committing murder under the age of 18, was re-convicted for murder after the retrial on the grounds that at the time of the murder she has been aware of the nature of the crime, and her sentence was executed. The execution of Fatemeh Salbehi has once again raised the concerns regarding the execution of juvenile offenders in Iran.

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Dear Secretary General of United Nations,

The number of executions is rising in Iran, journalists are being detained for doing their job and activists face cruel and degrading punishments, long prison terms and even execution. According to the most recent reports by Amnesty International and the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, “Iran’s judiciary continues to sentence child offenders to death, and carry out their execution by hanging”. Also, on August 9th, 2016 the son of late Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri, Khomeini’s designated successor in 1988, published a shocking audio tape of his father’s meeting with the “Death Commission” which summarily and extra-judicially executed tens of thousands of political prisoners held in jails across Iran. The massacre was carried out on the basis of a fatwa by the regime’s then-Supreme Leader Khomeini.

We, the undersigned, hereby urge you to take up this issue and raise it in the General Assembly in order to;

1. Put pressure on Iran to immediately halt the executions and abolish death penalty in Iran.
2. Call on all Western governments to make any improvement in economic relations with Iran contingent on its human rights record.
3. Demand in its resolution on human rights violations in Iran, to bring the perpetrators of 1988 massacre (one of the worst atrocities the post-war world has ever seen – Geoffrey Robertson-QC) to justice before an international tribunal.

Executions must stop.

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